- For all but two countries, dependence on commodity exports is higher than in advanced economies, in some cases up to 4 times higher.
- Regional governments paid an interest rate 7.5% higher than that paid by the U.S. to borrow from international markets.
- Tax revenue as a share of the economy is below the average in industrialized countries, except in two countries. In 5 countries, it is less than half the average.
- Most countries registered excess mortality of more than 20%, with 6 countries exceeding 75%, at the top of the world ranking.
- The rate of coverage of social insurance is less than 14% of the population in more than half of the surveyed countries, and only above 40% in one country.
- 17% of women have borrowed for health and medical care, almost 3 times more than women in high-income countries.
- More than 80% of countries show less climate response capacity than the global average.
- More than 20% of people live in poverty in all but two of the countries, and poverty rates rose in all countries since the pandemic.
To see more findings, read our brief “Atlas of Vulnerability – The Pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean”
To see more findings, read our brief “The Course of the Vulnerabilities that Hinder Development in Latin America and the Caribbean”
To see more findings, read our brief “Vulnerability to Climate Change in Latin America and the Caribbean in the Context of the Pandemic”
To see more findings, read our brief “Atlas of Vulnerabilities: Women in Latin America and the Caribbean Facing the Pandemic”
Read our brief “Characterization of socio-environmental conflicts in the Brazilian Amazon: an overview on climate and food vulnerability” (Only available in Spanish and Portuguese)